Named Sarvasugandhi in Malayalam
The Allspice tree is indigenous to Jamaica, also found in Central America.The evergreen medium size trees grow up to a height of 8 to 10 meters with a slender upright trunk and smooth greyish bark. In India, this tree is found in Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Kerala. The dried berries range in size (6.5 to 9.5 mm in diameter) and there are 13 to 14 berries per gram. The quality of crop is affected by factors like growing area, stage of maturity of berries at harvest and storage conditions.
Aspect – Small, bold
Colour – Dark black.
Smell – combination of spices, especially cinnamon, cloves, ginger and nutmeg.
Taste – mix of cloves, cinnamon, and nutmeg
The major use of allspice is in the food industry and domestic use culinary uses. Allspice is used in the production of berry oil (20% to 25%), extraction of oleoresin (1% to 2%), pharmaceutical and perfume industry. Berry, berry oil, oleoresin, leaf oil are products of economic use.It has medicinal, anti-microbial, insecticidal, nematicidal, anti-oxidant and deodorant properties.